۱۱ اسفند ۱۳۹۹ | Mar 1, 2021
imam Ali s

Hawzah News Agency To answer this question, the followings should be considered:

1. The Shia learned have specified in their jurisprudential books, including reasoning, etc. that attestation to the guardianship of Ali (a.s) is not a part of the Prayer Call (Azan), and no one is allowed to count it as a part of it.

2. In the Quran outlook, Ali (a.s) has been deemed as the Divine guardian, and his guardianship Over the believers has been specified, where it states:

"انما وليكم الله و رسوله و الذين آمنوا الذين يقيمون الصلوة و يوتون الزكوة و هم راكعون"؛

(Verily, Allah is your guardian and His Messenger and those who believe, those who perform prayers and pay the poor-rate when bowing down (in prayer).

The Sunnite sound traditions have also certified that the above-mentioned verse was revealed on the occasion that Ali (a.s) donated his ring to the poor while bowing down.

Then, Hesan Ibn Sabet versified this event as:

"فانت الذي اعطيت اذ انت راكع

فدتك نفوس القوم يا خير راكع

فانزل فيك الله خير ولايـه

و بينها فـي محكمـات الشرايع"

(You are the one, who donated when bowing down; May my soul be sacrificed for you, O, the best of bowers. So to you Allah sent down the most paramount guardianship and stated it in His firm laws [the holy Quran]).

3. The holy Prophet (peace be upon him and his descendants) once said,

"انما الاعمال بالنيات"؛

(Man’s deeds are indeed measured by his intentions.)

According to this statement, what if we consider Ali’s guardianship as a principle, specified in the holy Quran, and not as a part of the Prayer Call (Azan)? And if adding a phrase or a statement to the Prayer Call is unbecoming, and owing to this fact, the Shia is criticized, how the two following points are justified:

1. The authentic history testifies that the phrase

 "حي علي خير العمل"؛

(Hurry up to perform the best deeds) has been a part of the Prayer Call while it was deleted from it at the behest of the second Caliph, and it remained so due to the fact that the people when hearing it considered prayer as the best deed and never participated in Jihad.

2. At the time of the Prophet (peace be upon him and his descendants), the statement

 "الصلوة خير من النوم"؛

(Performing prayer is worthier than sleeping) was not a part of the Prayer Call and was added to it later.

Therefore, Shafee in his book, called Al-Om states:

"اكره في الاذان الصلوة خير من النوم لان ابا محذورة لم يذكره"؛

(I am reluctant to say the phrase

الصلوة خیر من النوم؛

in my Prayer Call, because Aba Mahzureh (one of the narrators) has not narrated it in his (book of) hadith.)

* Taken from the book "Imamate and the Imams" written by Ayatullah Ibrahim Amini

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