۳۰ شهریور ۱۳۹۹ | Sep 20, 2020
News Code: 361125
4 August 2020 - 10:48
ghadir

The holy Prophet (s): "Anyone I am his master (Wali), then 'Ali (a) is his master."

Hawzah News Agency – The seventh part of Al-Ghadīr Sermon is presented to you dear readers:

مَعاشِرَالنّاسِ، أَنَا صِراطُ الله الْمُسْتَقیمُ الَّذی أَمَرَکُمْ بِاتِّباعِهِ، ثُمَّ عَلِی مِنْ بَعْدی. ثُمَّ وُلْدی مِنْ صُلْبِهِ أَئِمَّةُ (الْهُدی)، یَهْدونَ إِلَی الْحَقِّ وَ بِهِ یَعْدِلونَ.

ثُمَّ قَرَأَ: «بِسْمِ الله الرَّحْمانِ الرَّحیمِ الْحَمْدُلِلَّهِ رَبِ الْعالَمینَ...» إِلی آخِرِها،

وَقالَ: فِی نَزَلَتْ وَفیهِمْ (وَالله) نَزَلَتْ، وَلَهُمْ عَمَّتْ وَإِیَّاهُمْ خَصَّتْ، أُولئکَ أَوْلِیاءُالله الَّذینَ لاخَوْفٌ عَلَیْهِمْ وَلاهُمْ یَحْزَنونَ، أَلا إِنَّ حِزْبَ الله هُمُ الْغالِبُونَ. أَلا إِنَّ أَعْدائَهُمْ هُمُ السُّفَهاءُالْغاوُونَ إِخْوانُ الشَّیاطینِ یوحی بَعْضُهُمْ إِلی بَعْضٍ زُخْرُفَ الْقَوْلِ غُروراً. أَلا إِنَّ أَوْلِیائَهُمُ الَّذینَ ذَکَرَهُمُ الله فی کِتابِهِ، فَقالَ عَزَّوَجَلَّ: (لاتَجِدُ قَوْماً یُؤمِنُونَ بِالله وَالْیَوْمِ الْآخِرِ یُوادُّونَ مَنْ حادَّالله وَ رَسُولَهُ وَلَوْکانُوا آبائَهُمْ أَوْأَبْنائَهُمْ أَوْإِخْوانَهُمْ أَوْعَشیرَتَهُمْ، أُولئِکَ کَتَبَ فی قُلوبِهِمُ الْإیمانَ) إِلی آخِرالآیَةِ.

أَلا إِنَّ أَوْلِیائَهُمُ الْمُؤْمِنونَ الَّذینَ وَصَفَهُمُ الله عَزَّوَجَلَّ فَقالَ: (الَّذینَ آمَنُوا وَلَمْ یَلْبِسُوا إیمانَهُمْ بِظُلْمٍ أُولئِکَ لَهُمُ الْأَمْنُ وَ هُمْ مُهْتَدونَ).

(أَلا إِنَّ أَوْلِیائَهُمُ الَّذینَ آمَنُوا وَلَمْ یَرْتابوا).

أَلا إِنَّ أَوْلِیائَهُمُ الَّذینَ یدْخُلونَ الْجَنَّةَ بِسَلامٍ آمِنینَ، تَتَلَقّاهُمُ الْمَلائِکَةُ بِالتَّسْلیمِ یَقُولونَ: سَلامٌ عَلَیْکُمْ طِبْتُمْ فَادْخُلوها خالِدینَ.

أَلا إِنَّ أَوْلِیائَهُمْ، لَهُمُ الْجَنَّةُ یُرْزَقونَ فیها بِغَیْرِ حِسابٍ. أَلا إِنَّ أَعْدائَهُمُ الَّذینَ یَصْلَونَ سَعیراً.

أَلا إِنَّ أَعْدائَهُمُ الَّذینَ یَسْمَعونَ لِجَهَنَّمَ شَهیقاً وَ هِی تَفورُ وَ یَرَوْنَ لَهازَفیراً.

أَلا إِنَّ أَعْدائَهُمُ الَّذینَ قالَ الله فیهِمْ: (کُلَّما دَخَلَتْ أُمَّةٌ لَعَنَتْ أُخْتَها) الآیة.

أَلا إِنَّ أَعْدائَهُمُ الَّذینَ قالَ الله عَزَّوَجَلَّ: (کُلَّما أُلْقِی فیها فَوْجٌ سَأَلَهُمْ خَزَنَتُها أَلَمْ یَأتِکُمْ نَذیرٌ، قالوا بَلی قَدْ جاءَنا نَذیرٌ فَکَذَّبْنا وَ قُلنا مانَزَّلَ الله مِنْ شَیءٍ إِنْ أَنْتُمْ إِلاّ فی ضَلالٍ کَبیرٍ) إِلی قَوله: (أَلافَسُحْقاً لاَِصْحابِ السَّعیرِ). أَلا إِنَّ أَوْلِیائَهُمُ الَّذینَ یَخْشَوْنَ رَبَّهُمْ بِالْغَیْبِ، لَهُمْ مَغْفِرَةٌ وَأَجْرٌ کَبیرٌ.

مَعاشِرَالنَاسِ، شَتّانَ مابَیْنَ السَّعیرِ وَالْأَجْرِ الْکَبیرِ.

(مَعاشِرَالنّاسِ)، عَدُوُّنا مَنْ ذَمَّهُ الله وَلَعَنَهُ، وَ وَلِیُّنا (کُلُّ) مَنْ مَدَحَهُ الله وَ أَحَبَّهُ.

مَعاشِرَ النّاسِ، أَلاوَإِنّی (أَنَا) النَّذیرُ و عَلِی الْبَشیرُ.

(مَعاشِرَالنّاسِ)، أَلا وَ إِنِّی مُنْذِرٌ وَ عَلِی هادٍ.

مَعاشِرَ النّاس (أَلا) وَ إِنّی نَبی وَ عَلِی وَصِیّی.

(مَعاشِرَالنّاسِ، أَلاوَإِنِّی رَسولٌ وَ عَلِی الْإِمامُ وَالْوَصِی مِنْ بَعْدی، وَالْأَئِمَّةُ مِنْ بَعْدِهِ وُلْدُهُ. أَلاوَإِنّی والِدُهُمْ وَهُمْ یَخْرُجونَ مِنْ صُلْبِهِ).

“O people! I am the Straight Path of God, whom He has ordained you to follow; and after me, it is Ali, and then my discordance, who shall be the Leaders of the Guidance and will guide you to the righteousness and beauty.”

Then the Messenger of God announced:

‘In the name of Allah, (Who's) the most Merciful Bountiful

Praise be to God only Lord of the worlds,

The Source of Grace, Mercy, Fair, and the Force,

Ruler of the Day when Repayments begin,

Owner of the Day when the Decree’s given!

Alone You we worship, You only the Wise,

From You the Sublime we ask for the rise,

Lead us into Direct Path of all the roads,

The Path of the Right, for repayment, You chose,

Not of those who were dishonored, neither those

Disowned by Your anger; thrown off the course!’ (The Opening: 1-7).

And then he continued:

‘This Verse has been sent down regarding me, and the Imams are appointed and included in it. They are God’s Friends, and indeed they do not fear nor will they grieve! (Jonah: 10/62).

Ah, of course the party of God is victorious! (The Heavenly Food: 5/56).

Know that the enemies of the Imams are nothing but ignorant, who have been led astray from the Direct Path; they are the Demons’ allies, who bring nothing to people but bothering, insignificant and useless things, (Livestock: 6/112).

Know that God, in His Book, has expressed about the friends of the Imam, thus: ‘(O Prophet,) you find not a people believing in God, and the Last Day, yet showing love for those who oppose God, and His Messenger– even if they are their own fathers, sons, their brothers or anyone from their family connection. With such [people], God has engraved faith on their hearts. Assisted them with the spirit of His Own, and He will admit them into the gardens where streams flow by their trees, to live in [forever]. God will be pleased with them, and they are pleased with Him. They are the lovers of God. Ah! Victorious are the lovers of God!’ (The Pleading Woman: 58/22).

Know that the friends of the Imams are those believers who have been described in the Qur’an, as: ‘Those who have believed and not cloaked their faith in transgressing will feel more secure and will be guided.’ (Livestock: 6/82).

“Know that their friends are those who have achieved firm faith, and they have never doubted. (The Chambers: 49/15).

Know that the Imam’s friends are these who shall enter Paradise in peace, in great security, and the Angels will move humbly to their encounter to greet them thus: ‘Peace upon you! You are purified, so then enter forever into Paradise!’ (The Rocky Tract: 15/46).

Know that Paradise is the reward of their friends, where they shall receive extra provision. (The Believer: 40/40).

Know that their enemies will enter the Fire, (The Woman: 4/10),

and will hear the moaning and groaning flames, while the infernal Flames roars and blazes; they will hear afflicting horrible cries. (The Kingdom: 67/7).

Know that God has stated about their enemies, ‘Every time, when a nation enters the Fire, it will curse its own kind,’ as the Qur’an says, ‘Until when they have all caught up with one another, the last ones will say about the first ones: Lord, these (people) have misled us, so give them double chastisement from the Fire!’ [O Prophet,] say: ‘Each will have double, but you do not realize it.’ (The Heights: 7/38).

Know that the enemies of the Imams are those about whom God has stated as this: ‘When a group of them is cast into Fire, the Hell keepers, will ask them: "Did a Warner not come to you?" They will reply: ‘yes indeed, a Warner came to us, but we denied any of them, saying: “God has not revealed you anything and you are in a gross error.’” Then they say: ‘Had we listened to their advice and used our reason, we would have not been among the inhabitants of this Hell!’

After confessing their sins, it will be said to them: ‘So away with the abiders of the blazing Fire!’ (The Kingdom: 67/8-11).

Know that their friends fear their Lord in secret, thus, there will be immense reward for them. (The Kingdom: 67/12).

O people! How great is the gap between the Fire, and the great reward!

O people! God has damned and degraded our enemies but, He loves and praises our [close] friends.

O people! Know that I am here to warn you, and Ali is the man who will guide you!

Know that, I am a Warner and Ali is a Guide.

O people! Know that I am a Messenger, and Ali is my immediate successor.

O people! Know that I am the Messenger, and Ali is, after I am gone, my successor, and the holy Imams following him, his descendants are all of them.

And let it be known that I am their father, and they are Ali’s lineage, one after another!”

Al-Ghadīr Sermon:

Al-Ghadīr Sermon (Arabic: خطبة الغدير) is a sermon delivered by the Prophet (s) where he (s) introduced 'Ali (a) as the Wali (guardian) of Muslims. The prophet (s) delivered this sermon on Dhu l-Hijja 18 of 10/March 19, 632) on the return from Hajjat al-Wida' [Hajj of Farewell] in a place called Ghadir Khumm. Many Shi'a and Sunni scholars have narrated this sermon.

Al-Ghadir sermon is one of the proofs Shi'a bring for the guardianship of Imam 'Ali (a) after the Prophet (s). Shi'a also support their claim with other proofs and evidences.

The Hadith al-Ghadir is a part of this sermon where the Prophet (s) says, "Anyone I am his master (Wali), then 'Ali (a) is his master."

Since, this phrase is narrated by more than 110 companions of the Prophet (s) and 84 Followers, it can be said that this hadith has been narrated as mutawatir (frequent).

Allamah 'Abd al-Husayn Amini collected all the references for this sermon and the Hadith al-Ghadir from Sunni sources and published them together with all other supportive reasons for the event of Ghadir in 11 volumes in his book al-Ghadir.

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