۱۵ آذر ۱۳۹۹ | Dec 5, 2020
News Code: 361121
31 July 2020 - 08:22
ghadir

The holy Prophet (s): "Anyone I am his master (Wali), then 'Ali (a) is his master."

Hawzah News Agency – The third part of Al-Ghadīr Sermon is presented to you dear readers:

فَاعْلَمُوا مَعاشِرَ النّاسِ (ذالِکَ فیهِ وَافْهَموهُ وَاعْلَمُوا) أَنَّ الله قَدْ نَصَبَهُ لَکُمْ وَلِیّاً وَإِماماً فَرَضَ طاعَتَهُ عَلَی الْمُهاجِرینَ وَالْأَنْصارِ وَ عَلَی التّابِعینَ لَهُمْ بِإِحْسانٍ، وَ عَلَی الْبادی وَالْحاضِرِ، وَ عَلَی الْعَجَمِی وَالْعَرَبی، وَالْحُرِّ وَالْمَمْلوکِ وَالصَّغیرِ وَالْکَبیرِ، وَ عَلَی الْأَبْیَضِ وَالأَسْوَدِ، وَ عَلی کُلِّ مُوَحِّدٍ.

ماضٍ حُکْمُهُ، جازٍ قَوْلُهُ، نافِذٌ أَمْرُهُ، مَلْعونٌ مَنْ خالَفَهُ، مَرْحومٌ مَنْ تَبِعَهُ وَ صَدَّقَهُ، فَقَدْ غَفَرَالله لَهُ وَلِمَنْ سَمِعَ مِنْهُ وَ أَطاعَ لَهُ.

مَعاشِرَالنّاسِ، إِنَّهُ آخِرُ مَقامٍ أَقُومُهُ فی هذا الْمَشْهَدِ، فَاسْمَعوا وَ أَطیعوا وَانْقادوا لاَِمْرِ(الله) رَبِّکُمْ، فَإِنَّ الله عَزَّوَجَلَّ هُوَ مَوْلاکُمْ وَإِلاهُکُمْ، ثُمَّ مِنْ دونِهِ رَسولُهُ وَنَبِیُهُ الُْمخاطِبُ لَکُمْ، ثُمَّ مِنْ بَعْدی عَلی وَلِیُّکُمْ وَ إِمامُکُمْ بِأَمْرِالله رَبِّکُمْ، ثُمَّ الْإِمامَةُ فی ذُرِّیَّتی مِنْ وُلْدِهِ إِلی یَوْمٍ تَلْقَوْنَ الله وَرَسولَهُ.

لاحَلالَ إِلاّ ما أَحَلَّهُ الله وَ رَسُولُهُ وَهُمْ، وَلاحَرامَ إِلاّ ما حَرَّمَهُ الله (عَلَیْکُمْ) وَ رَسُولُهُ وَ هُمْ، وَالله عَزَّوَجَلَّ عَرَّفَنِی الْحَلالَ وَالْحَرامَ وَأَنَا أَفْضَیْتُ بِما عَلَّمَنی رَبِّی مِنْ کِتابِهِ وَحَلالِهِ وَ حَرامِهِ إِلَیْهِ.

مَعاشِرَالنّاسِ، علی (فَضِّلُوهُ). مامِنْ عِلْمٍ إِلاَّ وَقَدْ أَحْصاهُ الله فِی، وَ کُلُّ عِلْمٍ عُلِّمْتُ فَقَدْ أَحْصَیْتُهُ فی إِمامِ الْمُتَّقینَ، وَما مِنْ عِلْمٍ إِلاّ وَقَدْ عَلَّمْتُهُ عَلِیّاً، وَ هُوَ الْإِمامُ الْمُبینُ (الَّذی ذَکَرَهُ الله فی سُورَةِ یس: (وَ کُلَّ شَیءٍ أَحْصَیْناهُ فی إِمامٍ مُبینٍ).

مَعاشِرَالنَّاسِ، لاتَضِلُّوا عَنْهُ وَلاتَنْفِرُوا مِنْهُ، وَلاتَسْتَنْکِفُوا عَنْ وِلایَتِهِ، فَهُوَالَّذی یَهدی إِلَی الْحَقِّ وَیَعْمَلُ بِهِ، وَیُزْهِقُ الْباطِلَ وَیَنْهی عَنْهُ، وَلاتَأْخُذُهُ فِی الله لَوْمَةُ لائِمٍ. أَوَّلُ مَنْ آمَنَ بِالله وَ رَسُولِهِ (لَمْ یَسْبِقْهُ إِلَی الْایمانِ بی أَحَدٌ)، وَالَّذی فَدی رَسُولَ الله بِنَفْسِهِ، وَالَّذی کانَ مَعَ رَسُولِ الله وَلا أَحَدَ یَعْبُدُالله مَعَ رَسُولِهِ مِنَ الرِّجالِ غَیْرُهُ.

(أَوَّلُ النّاسِ صَلاةً وَ أَوَّلُ مَنْ عَبَدَالله مَعی. أَمَرْتُهُ عَنِ الله أَنْ یَنامَ فی مَضْجَعی، فَفَعَلَ فادِیاً لی بِنَفْسِهِ).

مَعاشِرَالنّاسِ، فَضِّلُوهُ فَقَدْ فَضَّلَهُ الله، وَاقْبَلُوهُ فَقَدْ نَصَبَهُ الله.

مَعاشِرَالنّاسِ، إِنَّهُ إِمامٌ مِنَ الله، وَلَنْ یَتُوبَ الله عَلی أَحَدٍ أَنْکَرَ وِلایَتَهُ وَلَنْ یَغْفِرَ لَهُ، حَتْماً عَلَی الله أَنْ یَفْعَلَ ذالِکَ بِمَنْ خالَفَ أَمْرَهُ وَأَنْ یُعَذِّبَهُ عَذاباً نُکْراً أَبَدَا الْآبادِ وَ دَهْرَ الدُّهورِ. فَاحْذَرُوا أَنْ تُخالِفوهُ. فَتَصْلُوا ناراً وَقودُهَا النَّاسُ وَالْحِجارَةُ أُعِدَّتْ لِلْکافِرینَ.

مَعاشِرَالنّاسِ، بی - وَالله - بَشَّرَالْأَوَّلُونَ مِنَ النَّبِیِّینَ وَالْمُرْسَلینَ، وَأَنَا - (وَالله) - خاتَمُ الْأَنْبِیاءِ وَالْمُرْسَلینَ والْحُجَّةُ عَلی جَمیعِ الَْمخْلوقینَ مِنْ أَهْلِ السَّماواتِ وَالْأَرَضینَ. فَمَنْ شَکَّ فی ذالِکَ فَقَدْ کَفَرَ کُفْرَ الْجاهِلِیَّةِ الْأُولی وَ مَنْ شَکَّ فی شَیءٍ مِنْ قَوْلی هذا فَقَدْ شَکَّ فی کُلِّ ما أُنْزِلَ إِلَی، وَمَنْ شَکَّ فی واحِدٍ مِنَ الْأَئمَّةِ فَقَدْ شَکَّ فِی الْکُلِّ مِنْهُمْ، وَالشَاکُّ فینا فِی النّارِ.

مَعاشِرَالنّاسِ، حَبانِی الله عَزَّوَجَلَّ بِهذِهِ الْفَضیلَةِ مَنّاً مِنْهُ عَلَی وَ إِحْساناً مِنْهُ إِلَی وَلا إِلاهَ إِلاّهُوَ، أَلا لَهُ الْحَمْدُ مِنِّی أَبَدَ الْآبِدینَ وَدَهْرَالدّاهِرینَ وَ عَلی کُلِّ حالٍ.

مَعاشِرَالنّاسِ، فَضِّلُوا عَلِیّاً فَإِنَّهُ أَفْضَلُ النَّاسِ بَعْدی مِنْ ذَکَرٍ و أُنْثی ما أَنْزَلَ الله الرِّزْقَ وَبَقِی الْخَلْقُ.

مَلْعُونٌ مَلْعُونٌ، مَغْضُوبٌ مَغْضُوبٌ مَنْ رَدَّ عَلَی قَوْلی هذا وَلَمْ یُوافِقْهُ.

أَلا إِنَّ جَبْرئیلَ خَبَّرنی عَنِ الله تَعالی بِذالِکَ وَیَقُولُ: «مَنْ عادی عَلِیّاً وَلَمْ یَتَوَلَّهُ فَعَلَیْهِ لَعْنَتی وَ غَضَبی»، (وَ لْتَنْظُرْ نَفْسٌ ما قَدَّمَتْ لِغَدٍ وَاتَّقُوالله - أَنْ تُخالِفُوهُ فَتَزِلَّ قَدَمٌ بَعْدَ ثُبُوتِها - إِنَّ الله خَبیرٌ بِما تَعْمَلُونَ).

مَعاشِرَ النَّاسِ، إِنَّهُ جَنْبُ الله الَّذی ذَکَرَ فی کِتابِهِ العَزیزِ، فَقالَ تعالی (مُخْبِراً عَمَّنْ یُخالِفُهُ): (أَنْ تَقُولَ نَفْسٌ یا حَسْرَتا عَلی ما فَرَّطْتُ فی جَنْبِ الله).

مَعاشِرَالنّاسِ، تَدَبَّرُوا الْقُرْآنَ وَ افْهَمُوا آیاتِهِ وَانْظُرُوا إِلی مُحْکَماتِهِ وَلاتَتَّبِعوا مُتَشابِهَهُ، فَوَالله لَنْ یُبَیِّنَ لَکُمْ زواجِرَهُ وَلَنْ یُوضِحَ لَکُمْ تَفْسیرَهُ إِلاَّ الَّذی أَنَا آخِذٌ بِیَدِهِ وَمُصْعِدُهُ إِلی وَشائلٌ بِعَضُدِهِ (وَ رافِعُهُ بِیَدَی) وَ مُعْلِمُکُمْ: أَنَّ مَنْ کُنْتُ مَوْلاهُ فَهذا عَلِی مَوْلاهُ، وَ هُوَ عَلِی بْنُ أَبی طالِبٍ أَخی وَ وَصِیّی، وَ مُوالاتُهُ مِنَ الله عَزَّوَجَلَّ أَنْزَلَها عَلَی.

مَعاشِرَالنّاسِ، إِنَّ عَلِیّاً وَالطَّیِّبینَ مِنْ وُلْدی (مِنْ صُلْبِهِ) هُمُ الثِّقْلُ الْأَصْغَرُ، وَالْقُرْآنُ الثِّقْلُ الْأَکْبَرُ، فَکُلُّ واحِدٍ مِنْهُما مُنْبِئٌ عَنْ صاحِبِهِ وَ مُوافِقٌ لَهُ، لَنْ یَفْتَرِقا حَتّی یَرِدا عَلَی الْحَوْضَ.

أَلا إِنَّهُمْ أُمَناءُ الله فی خَلْقِهِ وَ حُکّامُهُ فی أَرْضِهِ. أَلاوَقَدْ أَدَّیْتُ.

أَلا وَقَدْ بَلَّغْتُ، أَلاوَقَدْ أَسْمَعْتُ، أَلاوَقَدْ أَوْضَحْتُ، أَلا وَ إِنَّ الله عَزَّوَجَلَّ قالَ وَ أَنَا قُلْتُ عَنِ الله عَزَّوَجَلَّ، أَلاإِنَّهُ لا «أَمیرَالْمُؤْمِنینَ» غَیْرَ أَخی هذا، أَلا لاتَحِلُّ إِمْرَةُ الْمُؤْمِنینَ بَعْدی لاِحَدٍ غَیْرِهِ.

 “O People! Know that this Verse is about him: so perceive it thoroughly and know that God has picked him as your Defender, and appointed him as your 'Leader'. His obedience is bound to the Immigrants, the Allies, and those who obey them in fairness; so is for the villagers and the citizens, the non-Arabs as well the Arab clans, and for the free men and the servants; for all – young, old, black and white, and for every Monotheist whosoever!

You are bound to achieve his decision and word, and to obey his instruction! Whosoever opposes him is damned; and whosoever obeys him and regards, receives the Grace of God. God delivers and forgives whosoever gives ear and obeys him!

O people! It is my final rising in such a [huge] gathering. Thus, listen, and then obey well [the Words of] God! And submit yourselves to His Command! For God Almighty is your Master and your Lord; and after God, your Master is the Messenger of God, the Prophet, who is at present calling out to you. And after me, according to the Divine Command, Ali is your Master, and your Leader, [Imam]. Then after him, the Leadership will be preserved, and perpetuated in my progeny, by his lineage, until the Day of Judgement when you come to encounter your God and His Messenger.

Nothing is lawful but whatever God and His Messenger, and the Imams permit; and nothing is forbidden to you, unless God, and His Messenger, as well as Ali, and the next Imams forbid it. God, glory to Him in the highest, has stated to me all about permissible and the forbidden, and whatever lawful and unlawful that God has taught me in His Book, I have put it all in Ali’s disposal.

 “O people! Prefer [the superiority of] Ali to others, for there is no knowledge that God has offered me, and then, I have offered it to Ali, the Leader of the believers – all knowledge of mine has been transferred to him. He is the ‘The clarifying Leader (Imam-e-Moabin)’; so doubtless that it is said in (Yaa-sin: 36/12), ‘Thus We have accounted, the knowledge of all things in the Exposing Book of Guidance!’

O people! Never forget him, and do not deviate from his Leadership, and do not violate his guardianship. He is one, who guides you to path of Truth, and he himself does all what he discloses; he ruins lies, deceits, and he bars artifice. Never can the reproaches of who blame [annoy and bother, or] cease him in his way!

He is the first man to believe in God, and to His right Messenger who believed was Ali; no one has ever beaten him ‘In His Doctrine’!

It was he who put his soul in danger for the sake of Messenger, and he adored him. It was he who was always next to the Messenger of Almighty God, and prayed God along with Him – it was no one but Ali.

 “Ali is the first man to establish prayer with me. I informed him of God’s Command that to lie on my bed, [on the Night of Immigration], so did he accepted to sacrifice his soul for me.

‘Bid him I, to lie in bed of mine, the Night

Threatened hazard me – he did with delight,

He did sacrifice soul of his for me, and

Away journeyed I, dim within, off the Land.’”

 “O people! Honor him greatly; for God Almighty has honored him – do accept the ‘Bid’, for the Almighty God has chosen him as the ‘Imam’.

O people! He has been picked as Imam by God; therefore, He does not accept the repentance of the deniers. It is the absolute God’s will on those opposing Truth. Beware of opposing him in ill-will, or you will be caught up by the Fire whose fuel is stones and stone-men that have been prepared for all faith-rejecters!

O people! I swear to Almighty God that the bygone messengers have announced ‘Fact’, about my coming: now here, I am proof for the whole world – on the earth, and in the heavens. Accordingly who doubts about my rightfulness, he will be among the early ignorance. And one who doubts about my today’s percept, will doubt the entire ‘REVELATIONS’, and one who doubts about one of the Imams, he doubts not one of them but all! And the denier: i.e. those who doubt Us, will be dwelt within the Fire.

O people! God has extremely honored me, and bestowed His immense favours upon me, and know that, ‘There is no deity but Him! And know that all praise, through all Eternity, and in all occasions belongs to Him only.

O people! Honor Ali, for he is indeed the best of men next to me among you, men and women! This will continue until the creatures exist on land and until God sends His provision to man! May one be damned, may damned thus! May one be buried in Wrath, in Divine Wrath: who refuses [listening to] my say, or agrees not with what I have just said.

Know that Gabriel brought me this news of God, [saying]: "One who rises against Ali, and does not accept his Leadership, then, let My wrath, and My course fall upon that type. It is just for a man to see what [good or bad] he has forwarded for his tomorrow – Next Day. Thus, fear God, for by opposing Ali, lest your foot may slip after it is planted and found root! For indeed God is Aware of everything you do!

O people! He is indeed the one next to God, and God has remarked about whom, in His Lofty Book, and He has stated about those who oppose him: ‘Alas! How negligence I was at neighborhood of Allah!’”

 “O people! Do deeply reflect on the Holy Qur'an, and try to catch the Verses’ sense and comprehend, then try to observe the even Verses of its, but do not dazzle at resembled Verses. By God! Whatever is deeply rooted in it, and the true meaning and the sense of its cannot be well explained to man, except by this man that I am holding his hand high; now I announce that: ‘Whomsoever I am master to, so is this Ali to him master!’

And he is none but Ali, the son of Talib, my brother, my successor and my help, whose Leadership’s Decree, has been sent to me from God, Almighty:

O people! It is obvious that Ali and my pure descendants born in this family represent the minor benefit, and the Qur'an represents major.

Either of these two heralds, and relates to another, or they are in harmony with one another: they will not separate from each other until they come to me at ‘Koathar’, (on that Certain Day)! Let it be known that: they are the Trustees of God among His creatures, and are rulers by His Command on the earth.

Thus, know that I have done my duty, and let it be known that I have conveyed the communiqué, and made you hear the truth, and brightened you about. Let it be known that it was God Word and I repeated it on His behalf:

Thus, let it be known that except this brother of mine, no one can be called the ‘Lord of the Believers’, who is here [as] a brother with me. And let it be known that: after I am gone, the title of, ‘The Lord of the Believers’ is not allowed to be used by anyone except for him!”

Al-Ghadīr Sermon:

Al-Ghadīr Sermon (Arabic: خطبة الغدير) is a sermon delivered by the Prophet (s) where he (s) introduced 'Ali (a) as the Wali (guardian) of Muslims. The prophet (s) delivered this sermon on Dhu l-Hijja 18 of 10/March 19, 632) on the return from Hajjat al-Wida' [Hajj of Farewell] in a place called Ghadir Khumm. Many Shi'a and Sunni scholars have narrated this sermon.

Al-Ghadir sermon is one of the proofs Shi'a bring for the guardianship of Imam 'Ali (a) after the Prophet (s). Shi'a also support their claim with other proofs and evidences.

The Hadith al-Ghadir is a part of this sermon where the Prophet (s) says, "Anyone I am his master (Wali), then 'Ali (a) is his master."

Since, this phrase is narrated by more than 110 companions of the Prophet (s) and 84 Followers, it can be said that this hadith has been narrated as mutawatir (frequent).

Allamah 'Abd al-Husayn Amini collected all the references for this sermon and the Hadith al-Ghadir from Sunni sources and published them together with all other supportive reasons for the event of Ghadir in 11 volumes in his book al-Ghadir.

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