۱۹ مرداد ۱۳۹۹ | Aug 9, 2020
News Code: 361120
30 July 2020 - 08:51
ghadir

The holy Prophet (s): "Anyone I am his master (Wali), then 'Ali (a) is his master."

Hawzah News Agency – The second part of Al-Ghadīr Sermon is presented to you dear readers:

وَأُقِرُّلَهُ عَلی نَفْسی بِالْعُبُودِیَّةِ وَ أَشْهَدُ لَهُ بِالرُّبُوبِیَّةِ، وَأُؤَدّی ما أَوْحی بِهِ إِلَی حَذَراً مِنْ أَنْ لا أَفْعَلَ فَتَحِلَّ بی مِنْهُ قارِعَةٌ لایَدْفَعُها عَنّی أَحَدٌ وَإِنْ عَظُمَتْ حیلَتُهُ وَصَفَتْ خُلَّتُهُ

- لاإِلاهَ إِلاَّهُوَ - لاَِنَّهُ قَدْأَعْلَمَنی أَنِّی إِنْ لَمْ أُبَلِّغْ ما أَنْزَلَ إِلَی (فی حَقِّ عَلِی) فَما بَلَّغْتُ رِسالَتَهُ، وَقَدْ ضَمِنَ لی تَبارَکَ وَتَعالَی الْعِصْمَةَ (مِنَ النّاسِ) وَ هُوَالله الْکافِی الْکَریمُ.

فَأَوْحی إِلَی: (بِسْمِ الله الرَّحْمانِ الرَّحیمِ، یا أَیُهَاالرَّسُولُ بَلِّغْ ما أُنْزِلَ إِلَیْکَ مِنْ رَبِّکَ - فی عَلِی یَعْنی فِی الْخِلاَفَةِ لِعَلِی بْنِ أَبی طالِبٍ - وَإِنْ لَمْ تَفْعَلْ فَما بَلَّغْتَ رِسالَتَهُ وَالله یَعْصِمُکَ مِنَ النّاسِ).

مَعاشِرَالنّاسِ، ما قَصَّرْتُ فی تَبْلیغِ ما أَنْزَلَ الله تَعالی إِلَی، وَ أَنَا أُبَیِّنُ لَکُمْ سَبَبَ هذِهِ الْآیَةِ: إِنَّ جَبْرئیلَ هَبَطَ إِلَی مِراراً ثَلاثاً یَأْمُرُنی عَنِ السَّلامِ رَبّی - وَ هُوالسَّلامُ - أَنْ أَقُومَ فی هذَا الْمَشْهَدِ فَأُعْلِمَ کُلَّ أَبْیَضَ وَأَسْوَدَ: أَنَّ عَلِی بْنَ أَبی طالِبٍ أَخی وَ وَصِیّی وَ خَلیفَتی (عَلی أُمَّتی) وَالْإِمامُ مِنْ بَعْدی، الَّذی مَحَلُّهُ مِنّی مَحَلُّ هارُونَ مِنْ مُوسی إِلاَّ أَنَّهُ لانَبِی بَعْدی وَهُوَ وَلِیُّکُمْ بَعْدَالله وَ رَسُولِهِ.

وَقَدْ أَنْزَلَ الله تَبارَکَ وَ تَعالی عَلَی بِذالِکَ آیَةً مِنْ کِتابِهِ (هِی): (إِنَّما وَلِیُّکُمُ الله وَ رَسُولُهُ وَالَّذینَ آمَنُواالَّذینَ یُقیمُونَ الصَّلاةَ وَیُؤْتونَ الزَّکاةَ وَ هُمْ راکِعُونَ)، وَ عَلِی بْنُ أَبی طالِبٍ الَّذی أَقامَ الصَّلاةَ وَ آتَی الزَّکاةَ وَهُوَ راکِعٌ یُریدُالله عَزَّوَجَلَّ فی کُلِّ حالٍ.

وَسَأَلْتُ جَبْرَئیلَ أَنْ یَسْتَعْفِی لِی (السَّلامَ) عَنْ تَبْلیغِ ذالِکَ إِلیْکُمْ - أَیُّهَاالنّاسُ - لِعِلْمی بِقِلَّةِ الْمُتَّقینَ وَکَثْرَةِ الْمُنافِقینَ وَإِدغالِ اللّائمینَ وَ حِیَلِ الْمُسْتَهْزِئینَ بِالْإِسْلامِ، الَّذینَ وَصَفَهُمُ الله فی کِتابِهِ بِأَنَّهُمْ یَقُولُونَ بِأَلْسِنَتِهِمْ مالَیْسَ فی قُلوبِهِمْ، وَیَحْسَبُونَهُ هَیِّناً وَ هُوَ عِنْدَالله عَظیمٌ.

وَکَثْرَةِ أَذاهُمْ لی غَیْرَ مَرَّةٍ حَتّی سَمَّونی أُذُناً وَ زَعَمُوا أَنِّی کَذالِکَ لِکَثْرَةِ مُلازَمَتِهِ إِیّی وَ إِقْبالی عَلَیْهِ (وَ هَواهُ وَ قَبُولِهِ مِنِّی) حَتّی أَنْزَلَ الله عَزَّوَجَلَّ فی ذالِکَ (وَ مِنْهُمُ الَّذینَ یُؤْذونَ النَّبِی وَ یَقولونَ هُوَ أُذُنٌ، قُلْ أُذُنُ - (عَلَی الَّذینَ یَزْعُمونَ أَنَّهُ أُذُنٌ) - خَیْرٍ لَکُمْ، یُؤْمِنُ بِالله وَ یُؤْمِنُ لِلْمُؤْمِنینَ) الآیَةُ.

وَلَوْشِئْتُ أَنْ أُسَمِّی الْقائلینَ بِذالِکَ بِأَسْمائهِمْ لَسَمَّیْتُ وَأَنْ أُوْمِئَ إِلَیْهِمْ بِأَعْیانِهِمْ لَأَوْمَأْتُ وَأَنْ أَدُلَّ عَلَیْهِمُ لَدَلَلْتُ، وَلکِنِّی وَالله فی أُمورِهمْ قَدْ تَکَرَّمْتُ. وَکُلُّ ذالِکَ لایَرْضَی الله مِنّی إِلاّ أَنْ أُبَلِّغَ ما أَنْزَلَ الله إِلَی (فی حَقِّ عَلِی)، ثُمَّ تلا: (یا أَیُّهَاالرَّسُولُ بَلِّغْ ما أُنْزِلَ إِلَیْکَ مِنْ رَبِّکَ - فی حَقِّ عَلِی - وَ انْ لَمْ تَفْعَلْ فَما بَلَّغْتَ رِسالَتَهُ وَالله یَعْصِمُکَ مِنَ النّاسِ).

 “And now, I confess to my servitude to Him, so do I confess to the Divinity of His: and I carry out my duty concerning the Revelation has announced to me, in fear that if I were not to execute it, such a torment might befall on me that no one could eliminate it – even though having a great astuteness, and his friendship be sincere [to me]! There is no God but Him, for He has announced to me that if I do not proclaim to you [the Fact] that concerning Ali, (peace be upon him) has been stated to me, I have not fulfilled my mission as a Messenger of God. And God has guaranteed me of His protection against the people's corruption, for God is Generous, all-Sufficient. So, God has revealed to me thus:

‘In the name of Allah (Who's) the most Merciful Bountiful

(O Messenger of Us)!

Announce this Message that; to you

Being sent from your Great Lofty Lord:

[Regarding Ali, and Command of Ali]

Or else, then you have not carried

Your own task as a right Messenger of His;

‘DEFENDER’, from reproach of men, God is.’ (The Table: 5/67)

 “O people! I have not been neglectful about publicizing what has been delivered to me by God. Now, I am to explain to you the cause of the Revelation of this Verse: Gabriel, bearing His Command, came down to me thrice from ‘Peace’, the Creator – for only He is [the source of] Peace – he brought it to me that to stand amid this vast mass and deliver God's Command. Now, I announce you the coloured or white that: Ali, the son of Talib, is [as] a brother to me, and he is my executor, and successor to lead my people as an Imam after me! His relation to me is as Aaron to Moses is, except for no other messengers will follow me. After God and His Messenger, Ali is going to be your Conserver, and God has sent down a Verse saying: ‘Verily, your Guardian is Only God, His Messenger and the believers who pray and pay alms while are bowing down,’ (The Table: 5/55). Surely it is Ali who did set up prayer, and while bowing [down to pray], paid out alms, and always sought the Will of Almighty God.”

 “And I asked Gabriel to beseech Almighty God so that He may discharge me from this duty of mine, because I well knew the scarcity of the virtuous, but the excess of the deceivers; and the vices of the blamers, as well who scald, and the deceit of those who insult Islam – those whom God has defined in His Book that: ‘They say what does not exist in their hearts, and they take it of very little importance, while it is of the utmost importance to God,’ (The Light: 24/25).

Also because the frauds have always annoyed me, and have called me: ‘He is all ears, listening to every word!’ [It was] just because of Ali's following me, and because of my deep attachment to him, and my fond attention toward him, and because of my approval of him. It was until then God sent this Verse down saying: ‘And of those some annoy Messenger and say, "He is only an ear.’" [But o Messenger] say: "An ear, yes, but it is good for you; for he [listens but to the Revelations of God], which is of your benefit. [He] believes [in God], and trusts [the believers] – taking them all the serious righteous. Surely for them is a painful chastisement …” (The Repentance: 9/61).

Had I wished, I could name those who use these words, or I could point them out to you one by one; and had I wished, I could lead you to them but I swear to God that I have behaved gracefully and generously towards them.

But, despite this, God may not be pleased with me if I do not let you know what has been revealed to me, about Ali, [then he recited God's Words]: ‘…

O Messenger! Announce what has been sent down to you from Your Lord [about Ali, (peace be upon him). And if you do not then, you would not have fulfilled your duty as the Messenger of God. Surely God protects you from the annoyance of the mischievous people;’” (The Table: 5/67).

Al-Ghadīr Sermon:

Al-Ghadīr Sermon (Arabic: خطبة الغدير) is a sermon delivered by the Prophet (s) where he (s) introduced 'Ali (a) as the Wali (guardian) of Muslims. The prophet (s) delivered this sermon on Dhu l-Hijja 18 of 10/March 19, 632) on the return from Hajjat al-Wida' [Hajj of Farewell] in a place called Ghadir Khumm. Many Shi'a and Sunni scholars have narrated this sermon.

Al-Ghadir sermon is one of the proofs Shi'a bring for the guardianship of Imam 'Ali (a) after the Prophet (s). Shi'a also support their claim with other proofs and evidences.

The Hadith al-Ghadir is a part of this sermon where the Prophet (s) says, "Anyone I am his master (Wali), then 'Ali (a) is his master."

Since, this phrase is narrated by more than 110 companions of the Prophet (s) and 84 Followers, it can be said that this hadith has been narrated as mutawatir (frequent).

Allamah 'Abd al-Husayn Amini collected all the references for this sermon and the Hadith al-Ghadir from Sunni sources and published them together with all other supportive reasons for the event of Ghadir in 11 volumes in his book al-Ghadir.

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