۱۹ مرداد ۱۳۹۹ | Aug 9, 2020
News Code: 361104
29 July 2020 - 08:00
ghadir sermon

The holy Prophet(s): "Anyone I am his master (Wali), then 'Ali (a) is his master."

Hawzah News Agency – The first part of Al-Ghadīr Sermon is presented to you dear readers:

اَلْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذی عَلا فی تَوَحُّدِهِ وَ دَنا فی تَفَرُّدِهِ وَجَلَّ فی سُلْطانِهِ وَعَظُمَ فی اَرْکانِهِ، وَاَحاطَ بِکُلِّ شَیءٍ عِلْماً وَ هُوَ فی مَکانِهِ وَ قَهَرَ جَمیعَ الْخَلْقِ بِقُدْرَتِهِ وَ بُرْهانِهِ، حَمیداً لَمْ یَزَلْ، مَحْموداً لایَزالُ (وَ مَجیداً لایَزولُ، وَمُبْدِئاً وَمُعیداً وَ کُلُّ أَمْرٍ إِلَیْهِ یَعُودُ). بارِئُ الْمَسْمُوکاتِ وَداحِی الْمَدْحُوّاتِ وَجَبّارُ الْأَرَضینَ وَ السّماواتِ، قُدُّوسٌ سُبُّوحٌ، رَبُّ الْمَلائکَةِ وَالرُّوحِ، مُتَفَضِّلٌ عَلی جَمیعِ مَنْ بَرَأَهُ، مُتَطَوِّلٌ عَلی جَمیعِ مَنْ أَنْشَأَهُ. یَلْحَظُ کُلَّ عَیْنٍ وَالْعُیُونُ لاتَراهُ.

کَریمٌ حَلیمٌ ذُوأَناتٍ، قَدْ وَسِعَ کُلَّ شَیءٍ رَحْمَتُهُ وَ مَنَّ عَلَیْهِمْ بِنِعْمَتِهِ. لا یَعْجَلُ بِانْتِقامِهِ، وَلایُبادِرُ إِلَیْهِمْ بِمَا اسْتَحَقُّوا مِنْ عَذابِهِ. قَدْفَهِمَ السَّرائِرَ وَ عَلِمَ الضَّمائِرَ، وَلَمْ تَخْفَ عَلَیْهِ اَلْمَکْنوناتُ ولا اشْتَبَهَتْ عَلَیْهِ الْخَفِیّاتُ. لَهُ الْإِحاطَةُ بِکُلِّ شَیءٍ، والغَلَبَةُ علی کُلِّ شَیءٍ والقُوَّةُ فی کُلِّ شَئٍ والقُدْرَةُ عَلی کُلِّ شَئٍ وَلَیْسَ مِثْلَهُ شَیءٌ. وَ هُوَ مُنْشِئُ الشَّیءِ حینَ لاشَیءَ دائمٌ حَی وَقائمٌ بِالْقِسْطِ، لاإِلاهَ إِلاَّ هُوَ الْعَزیزُالْحَکیمُ.

جَلَّ عَنْ أَنْ تُدْرِکَهُ الْأَبْصارُ وَ هُوَ یُدْرِکُ الْأَبْصارَ وَ هُوَاللَّطیفُ الْخَبیرُ. لایَلْحَقُ أَحَدٌ وَصْفَهُ مِنْ مُعایَنَةٍ، وَلایَجِدُ أَحَدٌ کَیْفَ هُوَمِنْ سِرٍ وَ عَلانِیَةٍ إِلاّ بِمادَلَّ عَزَّوَجَلَّ عَلی نَفْسِهِ.

وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّهُ الله ألَّذی مَلَأَ الدَّهْرَ قُدْسُهُ، وَالَّذی یَغْشَی الْأَبَدَ نُورُهُ، وَالَّذی یُنْفِذُ أَمْرَهُ بِلامُشاوَرَةِ مُشیرٍ وَلامَعَهُ شَریکٌ فی تَقْدیرِهِ وَلایُعاوَنُ فی تَدْبیرِهِ. صَوَّرَ مَا ابْتَدَعَ عَلی غَیْرِ مِثالٍ، وَ خَلَقَ ما خَلَقَ بِلامَعُونَةٍ مِنْ أَحَدٍ وَلا تَکَلُّفٍ وَلاَ احْتِیالٍ. أَنْشَأَها فَکانَتْ وَ بَرَأَها فَبانَتْ.

فَهُوَالله الَّذی لا إِلاهَ إِلاَّ هُوالمُتْقِنُ الصَّنْعَةَ، اَلْحَسَنُ الصَّنیعَةِ، الْعَدْلُ الَّذی لایَجُوُر، وَالْأَکْرَمُ الَّذی تَرْجِعُ إِلَیْهِ الْأُمُورُ.

وَأَشْهَدُ أَنَّهُ الله الَّذی تَواضَعَ کُلُّ شَیءٍ لِعَظَمَتِهِ، وَذَلَّ کُلُّ شَیءٍ لِعِزَّتِهِ، وَاسْتَسْلَمَ کُلُّ شَیءٍ لِقُدْرَتِهِ، وَخَضَعَ کُلُّ شَیءٍ لِهَیْبَتِهِ. مَلِکُ الْاَمْلاکِ وَ مُفَلِّکُ الْأَفْلاکِ وَمُسَخِّرُالشَّمْسِ وَالْقَمَرِ، کُلٌّ یَجْری لاِجَلٍ مُسَمّی. یُکَوِّرُالَّلیْلَ عَلَی النَّهارِ وَیُکَوِّرُالنَّهارَ عَلَی الَّلیْلِ یَطْلُبُهُ حَثیثاً. قاصِمُ کُلِّ جَبّارٍ عَنیدٍ وَ مُهْلِکُ کُلِّ شَیْطانٍ مَریدٍ.

لَمْ یَکُنْ لَهُ ضِدٌّ وَلا مَعَهُ نِدٌّ أَحَدٌ صَمَدٌ لَمْ یَلِدْ وَلَمْ یُولَدْ وَلَمْ یَکُنْ لَهُ کُفْواً أَحَدٌ. إلاهٌ واحِدٌ وَرَبٌّ ماجِدٌ یَشاءُ فَیُمْضی، وَیُریدُ فَیَقْضی، وَیَعْلَمُ فَیُحْصی، وَیُمیتُ وَیُحْیی، وَیُفْقِرُ وَیُغْنی، وَیُضْحِکُ وَیُبْکی، (وَیُدْنی وَ یُقْصی) وَیَمْنَعُ وَ یُعْطی، لَهُ الْمُلْکُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ، بِیَدِهِ الْخَیْرُ وَ هُوَ عَلی کُلِّ شَیءٍ قَدیرٌ.

یُولِجُ الَّلیْلَ فِی النَّهارِ وَیُولِجُ النَّهارَ فی الَّلیْلِ، لاإِلاهَ إِلاّهُوَالْعَزیزُ الْغَفّارُ. مُسْتَجیبُ الدُّعاءِ وَمُجْزِلُ الْعَطاءِ، مُحْصِی الْأَنْفاسِ وَ رَبُّ الْجِنَّةِ وَالنّاسِ، الَّذی لایُشْکِلُ عَلَیْهِ شَیءٌ، وَ لایُضجِرُهُ صُراخُ الْمُسْتَصْرِخینَ وَلایُبْرِمُهُ إِلْحاحُ الْمُلِحّینَ.

اَلْعاصِمُ لِلصّالِحینَ، وَالْمُوَفِّقُ لِلْمُفْلِحینَ، وَ مَوْلَی الْمُؤْمِنینَ وَرَبُّ الْعالَمینَ. الَّذِی اسْتَحَقَّ مِنْ کُلِّ مَنْ خَلَقَ أَنْ یَشْکُرَهُ وَیَحْمَدَهُ (عَلی کُلِّ حالٍ)

أَحْمَدُهُ کَثیراً وَأَشْکُرُهُ دائماً عَلَی السَّرّاءِ والضَّرّاءِ وَالشِّدَّةِ وَالرَّخاءِ، وَأُومِنُ بِهِ و بِمَلائکَتِهِ وکُتُبِهِ وَرُسُلِهِ. أَسْمَعُ لاِمْرِهِ وَاُطیعُ وَأُبادِرُ إِلی کُلِّ مایَرْضاهُ وَأَسْتَسْلِمُ لِماقَضاهُ، رَغْبَةً فی طاعَتِهِ وَ خَوْفاً مِنْ عُقُوبَتِهِ، لاِنَّهُ الله الَّذی لایُؤْمَنُ مَکْرُهُ وَلایُخافُ جَورُهُ.

“Praise belongs to Allah, Who is Sublime in His Oneness, and He is with all beings in His Loneliness. Glorious is He in His Domination, and He is great in His Foundations! His Knowledge encircles all beings without taking a move or having a dwelling; He subdues everything with His Power and Reasoning! He has eternally been praised, and so will be praised forever! There is no end to His Greatness, Dignity and Grandness; He is the Originator, Resurrector, and to Him all things return.

He is the Maker of the heavens, as well the expander of the Earth(es), and He is Ruler over them; He is [beyond all beings], and He is Glorified and Sanctified. So is He the Lord of the Angels, and the Spirit! He favours all creatures that He has created! His Grace is expanded to all that He has created. He perceives the eyes [of all beings], while no eyes can see Him; He is the most Generous, Patient and Calm. His Mercy cuddles the whole entity; He favours them with His Bounty. He is Serene in His revenge, and is Patient to the pain-deserved!

He is Aware of the secrets, and is discerned of thoughts, the covered are discovered to Him, and the hidden manifest. It is His to hold everything, and dominate it. The Source of strength is He, and is Powerful over everything. There is no comparable unto Him.

It is He Who has created things out of absolute 'Nil'. He is Immortal, Alive, and is the Spreader of Justice; there is no deity but Him, the Wise Almighty.

No eyes can see Him but he perceives all eyes; He is aware of the secrets [of men], and is informed of all things. No one can attribute Him by means of seeing, and no one can appreciate His Being by His concealment or manifestation, but only what the 'Glorified' wills us to know.

I testify that He is Alone ‘God’, the One Whose Sanctity has filled up the whole world; and His Light has prevailed the Eternity! Without any counselor He enacts His proper Command, and has no ally in His Providence; and without aid, He does His plans and measures.

Without an initial plan for creation, He has shaped and fashioned all beings with help of no one – with no effort, not thinking about, and without having had recourse, He has brought the world to being from ‘Nil’, His will has brought them to existence.

Thus, He is God, the Almighty; there is none as a deity but Him! It is He Whose Artistry is solid and firm, and [the Structure of His] Work is fair! He is Just; He does not commit oppression, and He is so generous that to Him return all things.

And I testify that He is God that all beings humble before His Dignity, and all are debased before His Glory; everything bows as submission before His Power, and all things are in state of humility before His tremendous and impressive Majesty!

He is the King of all beings, and the roller of the encircling heavens, He submits the sun and the moon to His bid to move just according to a time limit. He rolls up the night in the day; moreover, He wraps up the day into night which each goes rapidly: one after other, (The Heights: 7/54). He is the destroyer of any oppressive tyrant, and the eliminator of the rebellious, insurgent demon!

There is neither an opponent for Him, nor is anyone equal to Him. He is the One Who needs none! He is not born, and He has not given birth to anyone, there is nothing comparable unto Him; (The Sincerity: 112). He is the Unique God, and the Glorious Lord. He wills, and carries out! He intends, and ordains, He is All-Knowing, and thus, He calculates [things]. He gives life and sends death. He impoverishes [one] and enriches [another], He sends mirth or makes one cry; He draws closer or moves away; He forbids [one] then grants! To Him belongs the Sovereignty, and to Him go all praises and lauds! And He is Capable of [doing] everything.

He merges the night into the daylight, and the daylight into the night. There is no God but Him, Who is Glorious and Forgiving. He answers the appeals and fulfills prayers, grants abundantly and counts the numbers of breaths; He is the Lord of Jinn and Mankind, nothing is baffling to Him.

The cries of the criers do not distress Him, nor does the insistence of those who insist, bother Him! He is the Guardian of the pious, and the Assistant of the righteous; the Guardian of the believers, and the Lord of the universe! He deserves to be praised and glorified by all those have been created.

I greatly thank, and eternally praise Him: not only in tranquility or in hardship, nor in extreme difficulty, but also in peace and serenity. I believe in Him and His Angels, in His Scriptures, and His Messengers! I heed His Commands and obey Him. I hasten to do whatever pleases Him, and I submit myself to His Command for I am inclined to obey Him, and I fear His chastisement. For indeed: He is such a God that no one remains safe from His Astuteness; and no one fears His Injustice – (for there comes no injustice from Him)!”

Al-Ghadīr Sermon:

Al-Ghadīr Sermon (Arabic: خطبة الغدير) is a sermon delivered by the Prophet (s) where he (s) introduced 'Ali (a) as the Wali (guardian) of Muslims. The prophet (s) delivered this sermon on Dhu l-Hijja 18 of 10/March 19, 632) on the return from Hajjat al-Wida' [Hajj of Farewell] in a place called Ghadir Khumm. Many Shi'a and Sunni scholars have narrated this sermon.

Al-Ghadir sermon is one of the proofs Shi'a bring for the guardianship of Imam 'Ali (a) after the Prophet (s). Shi'a also support their claim with other proofs and evidences.

The Hadith al-Ghadir is a part of this sermon where the Prophet (s) says, "Anyone I am his master (Wali), then 'Ali (a) is his master."

Since, this phrase is narrated by more than 110 companions of the Prophet (s) and 84 Followers, it can be said that this hadith has been narrated as mutawatir (frequent).

Allamah 'Abd al-Husayn Amini collected all the references for this sermon and the Hadith al-Ghadir from Sunni sources and published them together with all other supportive reasons for the event of Ghadir in 11 volumes in his book al-Ghadir.

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